Niemann Pick disease is hereditary. It occurs due to a violation of lipid metabolism, as a result of which these natural compounds accumulate in the brain, liver, spleen and lungs.
Depending on the form of the disease, the first manifestations of pathology can be detected in a child as early as a few months or in adolescence. Pathologies in a child at birth are not diagnosed.
The mechanism of inheritance occurs by mutation of certain genes. The disease is caused by a deficiency of sphingomyelanin, which is responsible for the breakdown of estradiol. As a result of this, theess is broken, and lipids accumulate in cells, increasing them.